Wheel Torquing

Wheel manufacturers recommend that wheel assemblies be re-torqued within the first 100 miles or 30 days of operation. For your safety, STTC’s invoices are printed with this helpful reminder. If a tire was vehicle-mounted by STTC, we will perform a torque checking service at no charge to ensure your safety. To make sure wheel assemblies are not over- or under-torqued, STTC tightens all-wheel assemblies with torque wrenches or torque sticks. Over- or under-torquing wheel assemblies can also lead to wheel-offs, so it is our policy that all wheels be torqued to the manufacturer’s specifications.

Causes of Wheel Loosening

When the parts of a wheel assembly are clamped together it creates a rigid joint. During normal use, the wheel assembly is subjected to road vibrations, worn vehicle parts, and extreme temperature fluctuations, which cause movement within the wheel assembly joint.
The rubbing of the steel parts against each other also forces rust or excess paint out of the joint between the stud and nut or between dual wheels. The nut has not loosened but the clamping force drops due to the reduction in thickness of layers between the joints. This is known as joint settling. Loss of clamping force then causes greater movement within the joints, leading to more material being removed from the joints. Eventually, the wheel will become loose enough that the nuts will begin to loosen, which leads to the wheel assembly coming loose from the vehicle (wheel-off), causing an extremely hazardous condition.